Quantum Physics and the Discovery of Divine Wisdom
One area of science that shatters the materialist myth
and gives positive evidence for theism is quantum physics.
Quantum physics deals with matter's tiniest particles,
also called the "sub-atomic realm." In school, everyone learns that
matter is composed of atoms. Atoms are made up of a nucleus and
several electrons spinning around it. One strange fact is that all
of these particles take up only some 0.0001 percent of the atoms.
In other words, an atom is something that is 99.9999 percent "empty."
Even more interestingly, further examination shows
that the nuclei and electrons are made up of much smaller particles
called "quarks," which are not even particles in the physical sense;
rather, they are simply energy. This discovery broke the classical
distinction between matter and energy. It now appears that only
energy exists in the material universe, and that matter is just
There is a still more intriguing fact: Quarks, those
packets of energy, act in such a way that they may be described
as "conscious." Physicist Freeman Dyson, when accepting the Templeton
Prize for Progress in Religion (2000), stated that:
Atoms are weird stuff, behaving
like active agents rather than inert substances. They make unpredictable
choices between alternative possibilities according to the laws
of quantum mechanics. It appears that mind, as manifested by the
capacity to make choices, is to some extent inherent in every
In other words, there is information behind matter,
information that precedes the material realm. Gerald Schroeder,
an MIT-trained scientist who has worked in both physics and biology
and authored The Science of God, makes a number of important
comments on this subject. In his more recent book, The Hidden
Face of God: Science Reveals the Ultimate Truth, Schroeder
explains that quantum physics-along with other branches of science-is
the tool for discovering a universal wisdom lying behind the material
world. As he puts it:
It took humanity millennia before
an Einstein discovered that, as bizarre as it may seem, the basis
of matter is energy, that matter is actually condensed energy.
It may take a while longer for us to discover that there is some
non-thing even more fundamental than energy that forms the basis
of energy, which in turn forms the basis of matter.16
John Archibald Wheeler, professor
of physics at Princeton University and recipient of the Einstein
Award (2003), explained the same fact when he said that the "bit"
(the binary digit) of information gives rise to the "it," the substance
of matter.17 According to Schroeder, this has
a "profound meaning":
The matter/energy relationships,
the quantum wave functions, have profound meaning. Science may
be approaching the realization that the entire universe is an
expression of information, wisdom, an idea, just as atoms are
tangible expressions of something as ethereal as energy.18
This wisdom is such an omniscient thing that it covers
the whole universe:
A single consciousness, a universal
wisdom, pervades the universe. The discoveries of science, those
that search the quantum nature of subatomic matter, have moved
us to the brink of a startling realization: all existence is the
expression of this wisdom. In the laboratories we experience it
as information that first physically articulated as energy and
then condensed into the form of matter. Every particle, every
being, from atom to human, appears to represent a level of information,
This means that the material universe
is not a purposeless and chaotic heap of atoms, as the atheist/materialist
dogma assumes, but instead is a manifestation of a wisdom that existed
before the universe and that has absolute sovereignty over everything
that exists. In Schroeder's words, it is "as if a metaphysical substrate
was impressed upon the physical."20
This discovery shatters the whole materialist myth
and reveals that the visible material universe is just a shadow
of a transcendent Absolute Being. Thus, as Schroeder explains, quantum
physics has become the point at which science and theology meet:
The age-old theological view of
the universe is that all existence is the manifestation of a transcendent
wisdom, with a universal consciousness being its manifestation.
If I substitute the word information for wisdom, theology begins
to sound like quantum physics. We may be witnessing the scientific
confluence of the physical with the spiritual.21
Quantum is really the point at which science and theology
meet. The fact that the whole universe is pervaded by a wisdom was
revealed in the Qur'an 14 centuries ago. One verse reads:
Your god is God alone, there is no god but Him.
He encompasses all things in His knowledge. (Qur'an, 20:98)
15. As quoted in Gerald Schroeder, The Hidden Face
of God (New York: Touchstone, 2001), 7.
16. Ibid., 8.
17. Ibid., 8.
18. Ibid., 28.
19. Ibid., xi.
20. Ibid., 48.
21. Ibid., xii.